During our second and third trimesters in government class at Parish Episcopal, we have discussed many current events and our stances on the particular topics. Recently, on May 8, 2012, North Carolina passed a constitutional amendment prohibiting same-sex marriage. Gay marriage is illegal in many of the states in the the United States, except New Hampshire, New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Iowa, and Vermont, and Washington DC, where same-sex marrigae licenses are given out. Before anouncing this new constitutional amendment, North Carolina already had a statute that was banning gay marriage. Therefore, the creation of this amendment was almost redundant. According to CNN, the consitution amendment stated, “marriage between one man and one woman is the only domestic legal union that shall be valid or recognized in this state.” This portrays the extremities of the new amendment. First, it restates that same-sex marriage is illegal. Second, it states that other marriages would not be considered valid. This is very harsh to those who are involved and desire gay marriages. As a bystander, I believe that North Carolina’s new constitutional amendment is very unnessary due to the fact it just restates the law which already existed.
The marriage amendment has been a downset for those who campaign same-sex marrriage. The campaign manager for the Coalition to Protect All North Carolina Families, Jeremy Kennedy, sorrowed for those who were at loss and told the supporters of same-sex marriage, “It’s OK to grieve.” However, he urged advocates of gay marriage to keep fighting for what they hope to conquer: same-sex marriage legal. North Carolina instituting this new marriage law has caused other states to reconsider their current laws. And maybe for the better. For example -according to CNN- in Maryland, same-sex couples will be allowed to wed in in January of the new year. Another example, is Washington. Governor Christine Gregoire signed a bill that will legalize gay marriage starting in June, but advocates for female-male marriage have stopped the bill and declare that voters will determine the results. Overall, the North Carolina’s new marriage amendment has had a great effect on the nation and led other states to reevaluate their laws.
Same-sex marraige has been an ongoing debate for many years. The fight to make gay marraige permitted is slowly becoming legal state by state over time. I think this topic is a very important current issue, especially becuase of the new laws being constituted around our nation. The outcome of this battle for same-sex marraige to be legal is getting closer everyday. It is up to the people’s votes, which can sway the outcome.
The Electoral College is one of the most important group of people in political elections. This vital group of politicians is appointed to in the end elect the President and Vice President of the United States of America. The twelfth amendment tells us that each elector may cast one vote for the President and another for the Vice President. The current Electoral College is defined as “The procedure for selecting the president of The United States, defined in the Article II of the constitution, whereby the voters in each state choose electors to attend a gathering where the electors make the final decision” (Textbook p. 122). This Electoral College is a very difficult process and has many pros and cons. One of the main opposition to the Electoral College is the fact that one can win the popular vote of America, but then lose the election due to the Electoral College.
The main issue many seem to uncover with the Electoral College is that it lacks to convey the popular vote of America. When our founders composed our government it was intended to be a democracy and was founded for the people. Many might say that the Electoral College limits the people’s voices. This being in the way that the popular vote of America has little to no significance in who is going to be the leader of our country. “The first problem with the Electoral College system is that it is inherently unfair and may disenfranchise voters,” (Reader p. 126). This proves true in a few cases since presidential elections starting occurring 1788. Since 1824, there have been three cases where the president has won the popular vote of American people and gone on to lose the election. Although this is not a very high percentage or may seem like a large number in the least, it is still a flaw in the system in many people’s eyes. One view of many people is that the Electoral College was a very profound and effective system for the eighteenth century. “I consider the Electoral College a brilliant eighteenth century device that cleverly solved a cluster of eighteenth century problems.” Professor Amar stated. The main issue back when politics were just beginning in America was that many establishments and people were very spread out across the country. This in result made it very difficult for the average citizen of the United States to become educated about politics. A common belief is that the founders of our country wanted to ensure that the correct president was selected because the more educated votes were the ones that would be casted. The only issue with that is it disenfranchises the votes of the uneducated. Now that there are so many ways in our society to learn about politics and keep up with ongoing elections this is not as much of an issue anymore. People are becoming more educated in politics at a much younger age. A large discussion today is how we can modernize or make revisions to the system or if they are needed at all. “…they passed a law that would award the state’s electoral votes to the winner of the national popular vote- so long as other states agree to do the same,”(Textbook p. 125). This process if accepted by all states would be the best system to voice the opinions of the people. This is a very controversially topic and is ongoing today. http://uselectionatlas.org/INFORMATION/INFORMATION/electcollege_procon.php
Overall I believe that the Electoral College is out dated and is ready for a change. The fact that the president can be voted most popular by the United States of America and not win the election should not be a possibility. I also believe that if the Electoral College would still stay intact that it should make a change. A good way to change the system would to have all the electoral votes from a state directly contribute to the candidate that wins the popular vote. In the end the current process of the Electoral College disenfranchises votes from the people and quiets the voice of the people.