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To Preserve or not To Preserve

The Electoral College is a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president. Over the duration of our Government course, we have taken a portion of that time to educate ourselves on the importance of the electoral college, along with the disadvantages that accompany it. In spite of the disadvantages of the electoral college, I have learned, the system should be preserved in the future. Image

The Electoral College comes with several disadvantages. Some disadvantages to the Electoral College system include that candidates that win more popular votes can be still denied the presidency. Also, many people argue over the fact that depending on which state you live in, citizens experience presidential campaigns in vastly different ways due to the Electoral College. In the case that no candidate gets the majority of the electoral votes, the vote is settled in the House of Representatives which takes out the people’s vote entirely. Furthermore, the Electoral College “is ‘dangerous,’ not only dangerous but undemocratic” (Berns, 122). The danger that Berns describes is “said to consist in the possibility that a candidate might receive a majority of the electoral votes while receiving fewer popular votes than his or her opponent” (Berns, 122). However, along with the disadvantages are many advantages.

ImageThe Electoral College is incredibly crucial to our voting system. “It would be hard to overstate the importance of the Electoral College in American politics… in every presidential election, this awkward procedure shapes the election process – from party nominations to the selection of running mates, overall strategy, fundraising activities, candidate events, distributing resources, media coverage…” (Shea, 122). The Electoral College system gives the small states a chance against the large states. Because the large states have so many more voters, it puts the small states at a disadvantage. According to the textbook, “if the selection of the president was based on popular vote, the largest states (states with the most voters) would elect their favorite son every time” (reader, 121-140). However, a candidate must receive the majority of Electoral College votes, meaning at least half of the overall number of electoral votes. This gives the small states a better chance at getting their candidate elected.

The Electoral College is therefore a necessary piece of the American democracy. Without the Electoral College, smaller states would have no chance at getting their opinion voiced because they have smaller populations and less voters. It makes each election an equal race and must be preserved.

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