Home > A3 > Time to Acknowledge the Electoral College

Time to Acknowledge the Electoral College

The Electoral College was created by the founding fathers as a way to make voting more fair for the smaller states in the voting process during the presidential elections. The point of the electoral college was for the popular vote to not be the only deciding factor in an election.

The smaller states need a form of voting that benefits them so they are treated the same as the larger states. In The Washington Monthly Andrew Gelman wrote: “On average, the electoral college benefits voters in small states, in the sense that an individual voter in a randomly-selected small state is more likely to have a decisive vote, compared to an individual voter in a randomly-selected large state. With a national popular vote, of course, all votes are equally likely to be decisive.” I agree with Andrew Gelman on this, the electoral college was made for the benefit of the smaller states.

Credit to Wikipedia

The founding fathers wanted the states to have more of a say than the people, which is why they created the electoral college, so the popular vote was not the only thing taken into account. The founding fathers created the electoral college for two reasons said by Marc Schulman: “The first purpose was to create a buffer between population and the selection of a President. The second as part of the structure of the government that gave extra power to the smaller states.”(historycentral.com) Although most presidents who win the popular vote win the electoral college it is not always this way. In 2000 the presidential race of George Bush against Al Gore is one exception. Al Gore won the popular vote with a total number of votes at 50,999,897, while Bush only had 50,456,002 votes. Bush however run the election because he has 271 electoral votes while Gore only had 266. In my opinion, it isn’t fair for the state to have more of a say than the people, if the people run the country shouldn’t their voices be the most important factor?

The Electoral college has some pros and cons to it. The Electoral College can be a good thing because victory can’t come only from urban areas. The candidate cant win where heavily populated areas favor the candidate, they must have a more widespread amount of fans. This also helps to maintain the separation of powers and to make sure the President does not try and overthrow the other branches of government while in office.

Credit the The Costarican Times

The electoral college does have some downsides to it. Many people think we have become too modern for it and we have outgrown the system the founding fathers created. Another issue is that the swing states get the majority of the attention. The swing states change election imafter election on whether they go left or right, they are normally the deciding factors for the entire presidential election. Electoral College can also give voters the feeling that their one vote will not make a difference and they are not as encouraged to go and vote.

I believe the electoral college is a fair and easy way to help the voting process, although some things are not in the best interest of the electoral college, overall it is a good idea. If it comes to the point where people no longer want the electoral college around it would take a lot to change this, a blog wrote: “In order to change the Electoral College a constitutional amendment would need to be passed (ratified by ¾ of the states) The smaller states who are at the advantage have little reason to agree upon a change.” The smaller states get their chance to speak out and have their voices heard, although it does make voters believe their vote wont matter it still helps all of the states to have an equal say regardless of their size.

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